A hydrometeorological dataset of the unglaciated Fuglebekken catchment (SW Spitsbergen) is provided. The time series includes air temperature, precipitation, potential evapotranspiration, and runoff data from 2014 to 2019 in three time steps (6 h, 12h, and 24 h). Meteorological data comes from the Hornsund meteorological station (WMO 01003). Runoff was measured using a portable flowmeter Nivus PCM-F with Active Doppler sensor at the bottom of the Fuglebekken stream in each hydrological active season. Provided variables are essential to the recognition of the functioning of Arctic catchments. In particular, this dataset can be used to understand water circulation in the catchment as input data to multiple hydrological models. ** For all details see the full metadata description at "https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.921921"!
A consistent long-term (1979-2018) dataset from the Arctic meteorological site the Polish Polar Station Hornsund (77°00'N 15°33'E), located in the SW part of Spitsbergen. The Station is managed by the Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences. The data series includes daily, monthly and annual air temperature (TA), PDD, NDD, the sum of precipitation (Precip), air humidity (RH), atmospheric pressure (PA), wind speed (WS) and direction (WD), sunshine duration (SD), cloudiness, and visibility (VV). This rich dataset, now available online, is a valuable source for documenting the state of the climate in SW Spitsbergen that represents the Atlantic sector of the Arctic. Nowhere on the planet is climate warming faster than here. With the positive trend of mean annual temperature +1.14°C/decade, the climate in Hornsund is warming five times faster than the global average. ** For all details see the full metadata description at "https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.909042"!